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What actors and actresses appeared in 27 Waggons Baumwolle - ? They invite the crew of the strange vessel to join in the merry-making, but in vain. Against the will of her nurse, she sings to her friends the story of the Dutchman Ballad with the Leitmotiv , how Satan heard him swear and took him at his word. Der fliegende Holländer is scored for the following instruments: His extravagant lifestyle plus the retirement from the stage of his actress wife, Minna, caused him to run up huge debts that he was unable to repay.


The Flying Dutchman German: Wagner claimed in his autobiography Mein Leben that he had been inspired to write the opera following a stormy sea crossing he made from Riga to London in July and August In his Autobiographic Sketch , Wagner acknowledged he had taken the story from Heinrich Heine 's retelling of the legend in his satirical novel The Memoirs of Mister von Schnabelewopski Aus den Memoiren des Herrn von Schnabelewopski.

Wagner conducted the premiere at the Königliches Hoftheater in Dresden in This work shows early attempts at operatic styles that would characterise his later music dramas. In Der fliegende Holländer Wagner uses a number of leitmotivs literally, "leading motifs" associated with the characters and themes.

The leitmotifs are all introduced in the overture , which begins with a well-known ocean or storm motif before moving into the Dutchman and Senta motifs. Wagner originally wrote the work to be performed without intermission — an example of his efforts to break with tradition — and, while today's opera houses sometimes still follow this directive, it is also performed in a three-act version.

By the beginning of , the now year-old Richard Wagner was employed as a conductor at the Court Theatre in Riga. His extravagant lifestyle plus the retirement from the stage of his actress wife, Minna, caused him to run up huge debts that he was unable to repay.

However, this plan quickly turned to disaster: The ship at one point took refuge in the Norwegian fjords at Tvedestrand , and a trip that was expected to take eight days finally delivered Wagner to London three weeks after leaving Riga.

Wagner's experience of Paris was also disastrous. The Wagners were reduced to poverty, relying on handouts from friends and from the little income that Wagner could make writing articles on music and copying scores.

The voyage through the Norwegian reefs made a wonderful impression on my imagination; the legend of the Flying Dutchman, which the sailors verified, took on a distinctive, strange colouring that only my sea adventures could have given it. In Heine's tale, the narrator watches a performance of a fictitious stage play on the theme of the sea captain cursed to sail forever for blasphemy.

Heine introduces the character as a Wandering Jew of the ocean, and also added the device taken up so vigorously by Wagner in this, and many subsequent operas: In Heine's version, this is presented as a means for ironic humour; however, Wagner took this theme literally and in his draft, the woman is faithful until death. By the end of May Wagner had completed the libretto or poem as he preferred to call it.

Composition of the music had begun during May to July of the previous year, , when Wagner wrote Senta's Ballad, the Norwegian Sailors' song in act 3 " Steuermann, lass die Wacht!

While this score was designed to be played continuously in a single act, Wagner later divided the piece into a three-act work. In doing so, however, he did not alter the music significantly, but merely interrupted transitions that had originally been crafted to flow seamlessly the original one-act layout is restored in some performances. In his original draft Wagner set the action in Scotland, but he changed the location to Norway shortly before the first production staged in Dresden and conducted by himself in January On his homeward journey, the sea captain Daland is compelled by stormy weather to seek a port of refuge near Sandwike in southern Norway.

He leaves the helmsman on watch and he and the sailors retire. Song of the helmsman: A ghostly vessel appearing astern is dashed against Daland's vessel by the sea and the grappling irons hold the two ships together.

Invisible hands furl the sails. A man of pale aspect, dressed in black, his face framed by a thick black beard, steps ashore. He laments his fate. An angel brought to him the terms of his redemption: Every seven years the waves will cast him upon the shore; if he can find a wife who will be true to him he will be released from his curse. Daland wakes up and meets the stranger. The stranger hears that Daland has an unmarried daughter named Senta, and he asks for her hand in marriage, offering a chest of treasure as a gift.

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