The P2P Model is Coming to Energy

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The P2P Foundation

The P2P Foundation is a non-profit organization and global network dedicated to advocacy and research of commons-oriented peer to peer dynamics solutions.

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The income will be proportionate to fraction of building you own. The innovative and reliable P2P investment platform. There are different elements that contribute to the formation, development and the stability of these communities, which include interests, user attributes, cost reduction, user motivation and the dimension of the community. Peer communities are formed on the basis of common interests.

For Khambatti, Ryu and Dasgupta common interests can be labelled as attributes "which are used to determine the peer communities in which a particular peer can participate". Implicit values means that peers provide information about themselves to a specific community, for example they may express their interest in a subject or their taste in music.

With explicit values, users do not directly express information about themselves, albeit, it is still possible to find information about that specific user by uncovering his or her past queries and research carried out in a P2P network. Khambatti, Ryu and Dasgupta divide these interests further into three classes: A full set of attributes common interests of a specific peer is defined as personal attributes, and is a collection of information a peer has about him or herself.

Peers may decide not to disclose information about themselves to maintain their privacy and online security. It is for this reason that the authors specify that "a subset of Cost reduction influences the sharing component of P2P communities.

Users who share do so to attempt "to reduce User motivation and the size of the P2P community contribute to its sustainability and activity. In her view, motivation is "a crucial factor" in encouraging users to participate in an online P2P community, particularly because the "lack of a critical mass of active users" in the form of a community will not allow for a P2P sharing to function properly.

Usefulness is a valued aspect by users when joining a P2P community. The specific P2P system must be perceived as "useful" by the user and must be able to fulfil his or her needs and pursue his or her interests.

Consequently, the "size of the community of users defines the level of usefulness" and "the value of the system determines the number of users". However, in her research Vassileva has also found that "incentives are needed for the users in the beginning", particularly for motivating and getting users into the habit of staying online. Users participating in P2P systems can be classified in different ways.

According to Vassileva, users can be classified depending on their participation in the P2P system. There are five types of users to be found: In the first instance, the user creates new resources or services and offers them to the community. In the second, the user provides the community with disk space "to store files for downloads" or with "computing resources" to facilitate a service provided by another users.

In the fourth, the user participates actively in the "protocol of the network", contributing to keeping the network together. In the last situation, the user does not contribute to the network, downloads what he or she needs but goes immediately offline once the service is not needed anymore, thus free-riding on the network and community resources.

Corporations continue to combat the use of the internet as a tool to illegally copy and share various files, especially that of copyrighted music. Lawsuits have been launched against individuals as well as programs such as Napster in order to "protect" copyright owners.

In early June , Researcher Nathaniel Good at HP Labs demonstrated that user interface design issues could contribute to users inadvertently sharing personal and confidential information over P2P networks.

Researchers have examined potential security risks including the release of personal information, bundled spyware , and viruses downloaded from the network. Some open source file sharing packages have even provided integrated anti-virus scanning. Since approximately the threat of identity theft had become more prevalent, and in July there was another inadvertent revealing of vast amounts of personal information through P2P sites.

The "names, dates of birth, and Social Security numbers of about 2, of an investment firm's clients" were exposed, "including [those of] Supreme Court Justice Stephen Breyer. Access to this information has the potential of being detrimental to US security. The United States government then attempted to make users more aware of the potential risks involved with P2P file sharing programs [51] through legislation such as H.

In addition, the act would allow users to block and remove P2P file sharing software from their computers at any time, [53] with the Federal Trade Commission enforcing regulations. Nevertheless, in , researchers discovered thousands of documents containing sensitive patient information on popular peer-to-peer P2P networks, including insurance details, personally identifying information, physician names and diagnosis codes on more than 28, individuals.

Many of the documents contained sensitive patient communications, treatment data, medical diagnoses and psychiatric evaluations.

The act of file sharing is not illegal per se and peer-to-peer networks are also used for legitimate purposes. The legal issues in file sharing involve violating the laws of copyrighted material. Most discussions about the legality of file sharing are implied to be about solely copyright material.

Many countries have fair use exceptions that permit limited use of copyrighted material without acquiring permission from the rights holders. Such documents include commentary, news reporting, research and scholarship.

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